# sections and chapters (2023)

## contents

• 1 Introduction
• 2 basic example
• 3 Splitting documents
• 4 numbered and unnumbered sections
• 5 chapters and sections of the book/report document
• 5.1 The Report Class
• 5.2 The Book Class
• 6 Customize chapters and sections
• 6.1 Titlesec Commands

## introduction

Documents usually have some sort of “logical structure”: division into chapters, sections, subsections, etc. to organize your content. LaTeX supports creating a document structure and also allows for customization of sections and numbering. The commands available to organize a document depend on the type of document you are using, although the simplest form of organization, tiling, is available in all formats.

## basic example

Let's start with a simple example to demonstrate this\Section{title section}Command that marks the beginning of a new section with the nametitle section. Section numbering is automatic and can be customized or disabled.

\documentclass{Article}\Use package{Braille text}\Title{sections and chapters}\Author{Behind}\Meeting{\hey}\begin{document}\maketitle\Section{introduction}This is the first section.\ Braille text\Section{second part}this is the second section\ Braille text\Fin{document}

Open this example on the back.

This example produces the following output:

## Document Splitting

LaTeX can organize, number, and index chapters and sections of a document. Depending on the type of document, there are up to 7 levels of depth to define sections:

 -1 \part{part} 0 \chapter{chapter} 1 \section{section} 2 \subsection{subsection} 3 \subsubsection{subsubsection} 4 \paragraph{paragraph} 5 \subparagraph{Unterabsatz}

Mostly,\Sectionis the top-level document command in most documents. However, in reports or similar long books and documents this would be the case\ChapterÖ\Part.

## Numbered and unnumbered sections

Around a chapter, section, subsection, etc. not numbered, add an asterisk (*) at the end of the command before the opening curly bracket. These are not included in the summary. Here's our first example (above), but this time with\Section*rather than\Section:

\documentclass{Article}\Use package{Braille text}\Title{sections and chapters}\Author{Behind}\Meeting{\hey}\begin{document}\maketitle\Section*{introduction}This is the first section.\ Braille text\Section*{second part}this is the second section\ Braille text\Fin{document}

Open this example on the back.

This example produces the following output:

To add an unnumbered section to the table of contents, use the\addcontentslineCommand like this:

\addcontentsline{toc}{Section}{section heading}

Here is an example with\addcontentslinebut see articleTable of contentsfor more information and examples.

\documentclass{Article}\Title{sections and chapters}\Author{Behind}\Meeting{\hey}\begin{document}\maketitle\Table of contents\nuevocomando\shortlorem{It is important to take care of the patient, to be accompanied by the doctor, but it is a time of great pain and suffering. Because no one should do any work, down to the smallest detail, unless he gets some benefit from it.}\Section{introduction}This is the first (numbered) section.\shortlorem\addcontentsline{toc}{Section}{unnumbered section}\Section*{unnumbered section}An unnumbered section\shortlorem\Section{second part}The second numbered section.\shortlorem\Fin{document}

Open this example on the back.

This example produces the following output:

## Document chapters and sections in a book/report

As mentioned above,\Chaptercan be used in books and reports.

### HimreportClass

Below is an examplereportwith text from the article on the backAn Introduction to LuaTeX (Part 1): What is it and what makes it so different?

\documentclass{report}\Title{sections and chapters}\Author{Behind}\Meeting{\hey}\begin{document}\maketitle\Table of contents\Chapter{An Introduction to the Moon\Texas}\Section{What is it and what makes it so different?}Reis\Texas{}It is a\textit{toolbox}— contains sophisticated software components and tools that allow you to create (compose) a variety of documents. The subtitle of this article also raises two questions about Lua\Texas: What is it and what makes it so different? The answer to "What is this?" It may seem obvious: “It's a\Texas{}Compositing Engine!” Indeed it is, but a broader view, and one that this author subscribes to, is that Lua\Texas{}it is extremely versatile\Texasbased on a document creation and construction system.\subsection{explain moon\Texas: Where to start?}The purpose of this first article about Lua\Texas{}is to provide a context to understand what this TeX engine offers and why/how its design enables users to build/design/create a wide range of solutions to complex typesetting and layout problems, and maybe also offers a certain degree of "future security".\Chapter{Reis\Texas: background and history}\Section{introduction}Reis\Texas{}is on\Texas{}Conceptually "the new kid on the block" although in active development for over 10 years.\subsection{Reis\Texas: opening\Texasthe "black box"}Original by Knut\Texas{}Program is the common ancestor of all modern ones\Texas{}engines used today and Lua\Texas{}is in fact the last evolutionary step: derived from the pdf\Texas{}but with the addition of some powerful software components that offer a variety of additional features.\Fin{document}

Open this example on the back (with lualatex)

This example produces the following output: Here we are displaying pages 2 through 4 with the page images overlaid for easier viewing:

### HimBookClass

The following example returns the text of thereportexample but with\documentclass{Buch}, which contains parts, chapters, sections, paragraphs, and subsections. If you open the example on the back, you will see that the subsections are generated by\subsubsectionthey areNotnumbered. This is intentionalBookclass: If you want to change this behavior, add the following command to the preamble of your document:

\setcounter{second number depth}{3}
\documentclass{Book}\Title{sections and chapters}\Author{Behind}\Meeting{\hey}\begin{document}\maketitle\Table of contents\Part{moon story\Texas}\Chapter{An Introduction to the Moon\Texas}\Section{What is it and what makes it so different?}Reis\Texas{}It is a\textit{toolbox}— contains sophisticated software components and tools that allow you to create (compose) a variety of documents. The subtitle of this article also raises two questions about Lua\Texas: What is it and what makes it so different? The answer to "What is this?" It may seem obvious: “It's a\Texas{}Compositing Engine!” Indeed it is, but a broader view, and one that this author subscribes to, is that Lua\Texas{}it is extremely versatile\Texasbased on a document creation and construction system.\subsection{explain moon\Texas: Where to start?}The purpose of this first article about Lua\Texas{}is to provide a context to understand what this TeX engine offers and why/how its design enables users to build/design/create a wide range of solutions to complex typesetting and layout problems, and maybe also offers a certain degree of "future security".\Chapter{Reis\Texas: background and history}\Section{introduction}Reis\Texas{}is on\Texas{}Conceptually "the new kid on the block" although in active development for over 10 years.\subsection{Reis\Texas: opening\Texasthe "black box"}Original by Knut\Texas{}Program is the common ancestor of all modern ones\Texas{}engines used today and Lua\Texas{}is in fact the last evolutionary step: derived from the pdf\Texas{}but with the addition of some powerful software components that offer a variety of additional features.\subsubsection{who Mouth\Texas{}Complain\texttt{\string\directlua}: A first look}The intended ⟨code⟩\Verb|\directlua{<Code>}| it is first tokenized using the processes and calculations described above; this token sequence is stored in a token list.\Fin{document}

To see the result, open this example on the back (uses Lualatex)

## Customize chapters and sections

you can use the...Title sexPack to easily customize the style of chapters, sections and subsections.

\documentclass[A4 paper, 12 points]{Book}\Use package[T1]{Those}\Use package{Title sex}\Title format{\Chapter} %-Domain[Show]% the image{\bfseries\Large\itshape} % Format{not history.\ \ the chapter} % Label{0.5x} % September{ \Rule{\Text width}{1 point} \vspace{1 Bsp} \centered} % before code[\vspace{-0,5 Bsp}%\Rule{\Text width}{0,3pt}]% Postal code\Title format{\Section}[Envelope]{\normalfont\bfseries}{\a section.}{0,5em}{}\titlespacing{\Section}{12 pieces}{1,5ex plus 0,1ex minus 0,2ex}{1 PC}\begin{document}\Chapter{Let us begin}\Section{First try}It is important to take care of the patient, to be accompanied by the doctor, but it is a time of great pain and suffering. To put it in the smallest detail: If you don't do any work...\Section{second try}It is important to take care of the patient, to be accompanied by the doctor, but it is a time of great pain and suffering. To put it in the smallest detail: If you don't do any work...\Fin{document}

Open this example title in verse.

This example produces the following output:

### Title sexcommands

There are two general commands:

 \Title format{<command>}[<Form>]{<Format>}{<Tag>}{<set>}{<alter Code>}[<zip code>]

Where from[<Form>]j[<zip code>]are optional parameters and:

• <command>is the cut command to reset:\Part,\Chapter,\Section,\subsection,\subsubsection,\Unit volumeÖ\subparagraph.
• <Form>it is partitioned paragraph form; possible values ​​are:switch off,Block,Show,shrink,left edge,right bank,release,envelopejMarco.
• <Format>is the format applied to the title, label, and body; for example\normalfont\Large\bfseries
• <Tag>Specify the cut label.
• <set>is the horizontal space between the tag and the body of the title and must have a length and cannot be empty.
• <alter Code>is the code that precedes the body of the title.
• <zip code>is the code that follows the body of the title.

j

 \titlespacing{<command>}{<links>}{<before September>}{<after September>}

Where from:

• <links>increases the left margin.
• <before September>is the vertical space before the title.
• <after September>It is the separation between the title and the text that is not divided.

The highlighted version of this command (\titlespace*) removes the indentation of the paragraph following the heading.

• Create a document in LaTeX
• Bold, italic and underlined
• Cross Reference Sections and Equations
• Management of a large project
• Multi-file LaTeX projects
• pagination
• Single and double sided documents
• multiple columns
• Accountant
• Font sizes, families and styles
• Title sexpackage manual
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Sen. Emmett Berge

Last Updated: 04/03/2023

Views: 6047

Rating: 5 / 5 (80 voted)

Author information

Name: Sen. Emmett Berge

Birthday: 1993-06-17

Address: 787 Elvis Divide, Port Brice, OH 24507-6802

Phone: +9779049645255

Job: Senior Healthcare Specialist

Hobby: Cycling, Model building, Kitesurfing, Origami, Lapidary, Dance, Basketball

Introduction: My name is Sen. Emmett Berge, I am a funny, vast, charming, courageous, enthusiastic, jolly, famous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.